How often should my fire protection system be inspected?
A complete fire protection system may include a fire sprinkler system, fire suppression system, and fire alarm system depending on your facility and industry. Each system has varying inspection requirements to ensure proper functionality.
A fire protection professional should be conducting your quarterly and annual inspections. The building owner or facility manager is in charge of conducting more frequent visual checks.
- Fire sprinkler systems:
- Annual inspection of the hanger/seismic bracing, pipes and fittings, information signage, and spare sprinklers
- Quarterly inspection of water flow alarm devices
- Monthly visual inspection of gauges
These maintenance standards are outlined in NFPA 25, the Standard for the Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems.
- Fire suppression systems:
- Every 6 years dry chemical extinguishers with refillable containers are emptied and maintained, with a hydrostatic test every 12 years
- Semi annual inspection of clean agent systems
- Every 6 months kitchen suppression system should be inspected
NFPA 2001 is the Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems and contains requirements for total flooding and local application clean agent systems. NFPA 17 is the Standard for Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems, which includes kitchen hood systems.
- Fire alarm systems:
- Weekly visual inspections of control panels and equipment
- Annual inspection of control panel and all audible alarms
- Semi-annual or quarterly inspection of all initiating devices (i.e. pull stations) and batteries
NFPA 72 is the Standard for National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code and provides requirements for the design, application, installation, performance, testing and maintenance of protective signaling systems and their components.